What is a Psychologist?
A psychologist is a registered healthcare professional with extensive expertise in the ways in which people think, feel, and behave. In Ontario, the title of ‘psychologist’ may only be used by an individual who meets the following criteria:
- Completion of a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, which involves approximately ten years of university study and over 6000 hours of supervised clinical practice. Psychologists who hold a doctoral degree have one of the highest levels of education and training in the healthcare field.
- Successful passing of the Jurisprudence and Ethics Examination, the Examination of Professional Practice in Psychology, and an oral examination before three registered members of the College of Psychologists of Ontario.
What do Psychologists do?
Assessment – Psychologists are licensed to administer and interpret psychological tests and are legally allowed to formulate and communicate a clinical diagnosis.
Treatment – Psychologists use scientifically validated techniques and protocols to provide individuals with evidence-based treatments for changing unhelpful or maladaptive behaviour, thinking patterns, emotions, and to improve an individual’s coping skills and quality of life.
Research & Education – Psychologists study a range of topics related to human behaviour, treatment outcomes, and healthcare prevention and provide guidance on what treatments should be used for particular populations. Many psychologists conduct research studies, write journal articles, and teach university level courses.